Abstract: The application of brakes on a vehicle leads to the generation of a cloud of heated particles ejected from brake discs and pads, which can be entrained by the flow around the wheels and deposited on their surfaces. Under some circumstances, this may be considered inconvenient or unsightly.
Abstract: Contamination of vehicle rear surfaces is a significant issue for customers. Along with being unsightly, it can degrade the performance of rear camera systems and lighting, prematurely wear rear screens and wipers, and transfer soil to customers moving goods through the rear tailgate.
Abstract: Brake disc materials are being utilised that have low noise/dust properties, but are sensitive to contamination by surface water. This drives large dust shields, making brake cooling increasingly difficult.
Abstract: Side window clarity and its effect on side mirror visibility plays a major role in driver comfort. Driving in inclement weather conditions such as rain can be stressful, and having optimal visibility under these conditions is ideal.